**Short cut methods in quantitative aptitude**

Todays all competitive exams are having the topics of quantitative aptitude and reasoning.If you know the solving method for particular problem in seconds,then you can said to be good in aptitude.In aptitude for every problem or question we have short cut methods.

Why and where to apply short cut methods

- in bank exams like IBPS
- Written test for MNC job

CAT,MAT,GRE,GATE ,railways exams,lic,all national level exams

**formula or trick ?**

we are not going to solve the problems in formula,hate formulas,try to solve in logical methods,which are not related to any formula.So we are giving you suggestion that,apply tricks,which improves your logical thinking and attitude

Where i have to learn these tricks to solve quantitative aptitude problems?

These methods/tricks will not available in any books or any other websites,no any website providing the short cut tricks to solve the problems in less time.In this site you can learn aptitude short cut methods

**IBPS EXAM SPECIAL**

Learn short cut methods in aptitude to get your dream job,so for every day,apply new methods to solve the problems by using our short cut methods.Start from here,the lessons for aptitude tricks from all topics.Today we are explaining you,**short cut methods in percentage topic ,which related to aptitude.**

LESSON 1 -SHORT CUT METHODS/TRICKS IN PERCENTAGES

CONCEPT:

**Important Points to Note:**

- When any value increases by
- 10%, it becomes 1.1 times of itself. (since 100+10 = 110% = 1.1)
- 20%, it becomes 1.2 times of itself.
- 36%, it becomes 1.36 times of itself.
- 4%, it becomes 1.04 times of itself.

Thus we can see the effects on the values due to various percentage increases.

- When any value decreases by
- 10%, it becomes 0.9 times of itself. (Since 100-10 = 90% = 0.9)
- 20%, it becomes 0.8 times of itself
- 36%, it becomes 0.64 times of itself
- 4%, it becomes 0.96 times of itself.

Thus we can see the effects on a value due to various percentage decreases.

**Note:**

1. When a value is multiplied by a decimal more than 1 it will be increased and when multiplied by less than 1 it will be decreased.

2. The percentage increase or decrease depends on the decimal multiplied.

**Eg:** 0.7 => 30% decrease, 0.67 => 33% decrease, 0. 956 => 4.4% decrease and so on.

**Eg:** When the actual value is x, find the value when it is 30% decreased.

**Soln:** 30% decrease => 0.7 x.

**Eg:** A value after an increase of 20% became 600. What is the value?

**Soln:** 1.2x = 600 (since 20% increase)

ð x = 500.

**Eg:** If 600 is decrease by 20%, what is the new value?

**Soln:** new value = 0.8 X 600 = 480. (Since 20% decrease)

Thus depending on the decimal we can decide the % change and vice versa.

**Eg:** When a value is increased by 20%, by what percent should it be reduced to get the actual value?

**Soln:** (It is equivalent to 1.2 reduced to 1 and we can use % decrease formula)

% decrease = (1.2 – 1)/1.2 X 100 = 16.66%.

- When a value is subjected multiple changes, the overall effect of all the changes can be obtained by multiplying all the individual factors of the changes.

**Eg:** The population of a town increased by 10%, 20% and then decreased by 30%. The new population is what % of the original?

**Soln:** The overall effect = 1.1 X 1.2 X 0.7 (Since 10%, 20% increase and 30% decrease)

= 0.924 = 92.4%.

**Eg:** Two successive discounts of 10% and 20% are equal to a single discount of ___

**Soln:** Discount is same as decrease of price.

So, decrease = 0.9 X 0.8 = 0.72 => 28% decrease (Since only 72% is remaining).

practice problems:

- If 20% of 40% of a = 25% of a% of b, then what is b?

a. 8/5 b. 16/25 c. 8/25 d. None

2. By what % is 200 more than 50?

a. 100 b. 200 c. 300 d. None

3. A value changes from 30 to 80. What is the percentage change?

a. 125 b. 166.66 c. 156 d. None

4. The population of a city is increased by 30% and thus became 78000. What is the original population?

a. 76000 b. 64200 c. 60000 d. None

5. In a theatre, the number of seats is increased by 20% and the price per ticket is increased by 10% but the public response decreased by 30%. What is the net effect on the economy of the theatre?

a.10% rise b. 7% fall c. 7% rise d. None

6. A saves 20% of his income. His income is increased by 20% and so he increased his expenditure by 30%. What is the percentage change in his savings?

a. 20% fall b. 4% fall c. 20% rise d. 4% rise

7. The price of petrol is increased by 25%. By what percent the consumption be reduced to make the expenditure remain the same?

a. 25% b. 33.33% c. 20% d. None

8. The side of a square is increased by 20%. The percentage change in its area is ___

a. 20% b. 44% c. 36% d. None

9. If the length of a rectangle is increased by 33.33%, by what percentage should the breadth be reduced to make the area same?

a. 20% b. 33.33% c. 25% d. None

10. In an election between two candidates, A and B, A secured 56% of the votes and won by 48000 votes. Find the total number of votes polled if 20% of the votes were declared invalid.

a. 500000 b. 400000 c. 600000 d. None

clear explanation for above problems:

- 1/5 X 2/5 X a = ¼ X a X b => b = 8/25
- % difference = (200-50)/50 X 100 = 300 %
- % increase = (80-30)/30 X 100 = 166.66 %
- 1.3 x = 78000 => x = 60000.
- Net effect = 1.2 X 1.1 X 0.7

= 0.924 => 7.6% decrease.

- Let I be the income.

Expenditure = 0.8I Savings = 0.2I => 20%

New income = 1.2I (since 20% rise)

New expenditure = (0.8I) X 1.3 (Since 30% rise)

= 1.04I

So, new savings = 1.2I – 1.04I = 0.16I => 16%

(So income decreased form 20% to 16%)

% decrease = (20-16)/20 X 100 = 20%.

- It is equivalent to 1.25 decreased to 1.

% decrease = (1.25-1)/1.25 X 100 = 20%

8. % change in area = 1.2 X 1.2 (since area = side X side)

= 1.44 => 44%.

- It is equivalent to 1.25 decreased to 1. So 20% decrease.
- Valid Votes:

A got 56% => B got 44%

Difference = 12% = 48000

So, 100% = 400000. These are valid votes.

But valid votes are only 80% of total votes.

So, 80% of total votes = 400000 => total votes = 500000

STILL CONFUSE?SUBMIT YOUE QUIRY IN LEAVE REPLY/SUBMIT COMMENT

shelly says

thanx

ts a gr8 help

phani says

hey these are the very good logics but i am unable to capture the data in the question could you please help me out with this

BOGBOSSKHAN says

VERRY GOOD

BIGBOSSKHAN says

TOO COOL

hari prasad says

thanks

Saakshi says

Dear Sir,

Could you please explain me 9th Question in details?

Thanks in Advance

LOL says

ROFLOL

Hotdonster says

how abt the short cuts for train sums,,

Sheetal says

It’s really good but i don’t understand 9 question?????

alexreborn says

same as ques 7

bhawna says

gud one…….

shruti mathur says

its super cool thnks

Syed says

Thanks and we will provide all short cut methods for free in the form of video tutorials,which will introduce shortly in this website

KESHVI says

HEY CAN PLZ…TELL ME SHORT CUTS OF LCM,HCM………….REPLY MUST AS SOON AS POSSIBLE

Surendranath says

u r providing beautiful tips in a very simpler manner thank u so much i have a small doubt

1) in decrease of percentage we use higher no in denominator

2)in increase of percentage we use smaller no

plz clarify

utkarsh gupta says

yeah…

just look it by the method of fractions…

for increment just increase the whole value by using -1 no, in denominator.

n for decrement use the other one like +1 to denominator.

but for dat.. u first convert d percentage to the fractional form..

Sumit rawat says

Q.Sum of 5 consecutive odd numbers is 175.what is the second highest number.?

Ans.175/5 = 35

35 is mid value

So 35 has two consecutives upper values 37 & 39 and two lower values are 33 & 31.

Series is 31,33,35,37,39

So the Ans is 37

vinod says

thank u sumit…

vijaya says

thank you.

it’s very useful for me.

Rahul rawat says

Q.Sum of 5 consecutive odd numbers is 175.what is the second highest number.?

Ans.175/5 = 35

35 is mid value

So 35 has two consecutives upper values 37 & 39 and two lower values are 33 & 31.

Series is 31,33,35,37,39

So the Ans is 37

KALYANI says

ITS SO NICE.I REALLY THANKS TO GIVE TRICKS BUT PLEASE GIVE TRICKS FOR OTHER TOPICS.

THANK YOU ONCE AGAIN

kamal says

i dont understand 10 ques.how 400000 will occured?

Reena says

I Have some problem in question no.10 If 20% votes are invalid so we should minus from 100 and then substract 56% then we will get 24%..and After that we get 20000 total votes.

vinod says

hi

did u got any shortcuts on percentages..

if so pls tel me

nalini says

i have doubt that is how to calculate 8% of 800*?=224

4/7*2/3*?=1008

5.5*6.4/0.4=?.

Keerthi says

8% of 800= 800*.08 = 64.

let the ? be x.

Now 64 * x = 224.

X= 224 / 64.

X= 3.5.

Shimrei says

Hey thanks so much. so helpful. but kindly help me out with Qs 9 and 10. thank you once again

Renu says

sir

plz post shortcut methods for work related problems.

shalu says

Thanku. very nice.but i need some more logical reasoning test for pratice

kamlesh kumar says

Have you tricks for Compound intrest ,please replay me.

Geeta chopra says

Thank you

its simply awesome

my exam is on 11 dec

now i will clear tthis topic

AMIT KANOJIA MA'DY says

first of all i would ilke to thanks ….

fr d the outstanding sortcut methods

nw my concept of this chapter is clear.

thanks a lot.

rohit says

i like the why to solve question but this is only one topic if somebody have anouther topic short cut so plz send me on my id rohit.singh088@gmail.com

anandakumaran says

how to answer synonymsand antonyms by shortcut metbod?

SOMNATH says

gud trick

Thank u

jayamani says

i realy confused……………..

lavanya says

thanks…its useful ……but i m confused with 5 th answers solution

praveen kumar says

it’s really fantastic one.but by explaining vth videos is normally a better choice

Syed says

Very Valuable Suggestion,We also have planned to release videos on aptitude and reasoning short cuts and concepts.Hope will release soon

Always video tutorials reach nicely

Jane says

Is there short cuts available for solving problems cube roots and higher order roots , multiple ratios, to find the time taken for one person when days taken by combined people is given

Jai kumar says

The answer for the first question is wrong or the question is wrong because in the first question it is a% at the right side if so the answer is 32 not 8/25.

mamatha says

it was really good…….but,

sir i have dought on 7,8,9,10 que and also help me in remaning topics…in feb iam gng to write gate so please suggest me some techniques about gate……..plzzzzzzzzzzzzz

vignesh says

The percentage problem are very nice and usefull but still I have some confussion. If you give little more explanation means it will be ok for all…. I learned something…

varsh says

could you plz explain a 10th problem again

suresh kumar challa says

these short cut methods are really helpfull in solving problem in percentage ,thank you

shanmu says

in first problem 20%=20/100=1/5, 40%=40/100=2/5, 25%=25/100=1/4 ok then a%=a/100 why u mention it as just a

Shripad says

2.8 x 25.3 + 18 ÷ 10.2 = ? How to solve this problem using tricks?

kalyani says

this shortcuts are easy to solve 80% of questions on percentages…but i want shortcuts in other topics…plz is there any chance of sending this topics to my mail…plzz.,

himani says

on which topic u want

sam says

hey i want some shortcuts for Profit and loss and Time speed distance… my exam on 15th june so can you help me ?

Gokul says

Grt work frnd pls help me with time based problems

Dheeraj says

Thanks for the tricks

tamilraaj says

it was very usefull .. and its easy to learn thanx….

ranvir says

please explain Q.9.

zeeshan hussain says

Aptitude is very important and I was really fed up with preparing this.

Now I got a simple trick to do it

thanks for the short cut!

Vikram says

Pls send me some easy tricks i want help

raj yadav says

excellent….

raghav kesar says

ohhh it is just awesome.. website..

pari says

in question 9 the answer should be 30% therefore None in the given options as the next decreased value from 33.33% is 30% as explained in ur another Topic.

himani says

so much thanks

anand singh says

so many thanks…….Osam site of many which i mostly come across

Mazahar says

Very useful

vandana says

yhank u a lot

pls also help in solving reasongi probles

my reasonig is toooooooooooooooooooooooooo bad

i want io improv ethis

sam says

for reasoning i’ll give u much tips mail me…

or make messege at FB

sanket.shah69@gmail.com

parveen says

then take a book ibps bank clerk arihant publication, which is very awesome

nilutpol says

Thanks 4r the shortcut…. Bt can it be possible to send more of the short cuts on other apptitue problems… If possible plz help7.77777

urfriend says

i have not understood 9 th problem

Rajan Shrivastava says

thanks a lot it really helped me : best wishes from my side to this site be a gr8 success

Yasmin says

Simply super.. Hearty thanks for your helpful tricks to solve percentage. COuld you please send the short cuts to remaining concepts to my mail iD? OR intimate me when you released the videos for other concepts?

I’m waiting here for your valuable reply.

Prem says

Thank you !

Need such kinds of aid in Reasoning too. Are you updating this site regularly?

Gorakh says

lovely experience from that

ashu says

Question 9 answer is 25% i.e. c option……….. rest all is very useful….. thanx…..

swapna says

very nice..it is very help ful…

mohan says

pls ,provide shortcuts for probability,time &distances,trains with in one day

Brinda says

answer of the q 9 is 25%

let the length =X & breadth = Y

den area = XY

new length= X*133.33/100

but the area should be same den,let the breadth decresd by (100-Z)%, now

X*133.33/100*Y(100-Z)/100 = XY

100-Z = 100*100*100/13333 === 75%

so Z = 25%

Waqar says

its very useful short cuts.. kindly tell about vacbouray & analytical shortcuts also …. how to judge ?? m very weak in it 🙁

Niru gogoi says

thanx .a lot 4 giving some shortcut option

parveen says

sir thanks for building such a wonder website but if some more test papers are added then it would be much more interesting and useful in all respect

Balamurali says

Hi sir. Can u send the content short cut methods for all types of aptitude question.

Solving techniques

durga says

except 9 th ques all were good

9th ans is 25

(1.3333-1)/1.3333*100=24.99=25

sudhir says

fantastic …..super like .

rohini says

plz help me in solving this problem

One year ago beaties was 4 times as old as his son.in 6 years time his age exceeds twise his son’s age by 9 years . The ratio me their present ages is

option 1. 9:2

option 2. 11:3

option 3. 12:5

option 4. 13:4

rohini says

plz help me in solving this problem

One year ago beaties was 4 times as old as his son.in 6 years time his age exceeds twise his son’s age by 9 years . The ratio me their present ages is

option 1. 9:2

option 2. 11:3

option 3. 12:5

option 4. 13:4

Suresh says

Hi harini hear is ur solution…

Let the son age be a x and beaties be 4x at one year ago .

After 6 years they will be x+6 , 4x+6.

Given that beaties exceeds 9 years hence it will be

(4x+6)+9 = x+6

then x is 3.after one year it will be 4 and beaties will be 13

hence their ratio is 13:4..

For any quries contact me sforsuresh999@gmail.com

T Deepika says

hi sir i knw am too late.

sir can u xplain me

One year ago beaties was 4 times as old as his son.in 6 years time his age exceeds twise his son’s age by 9 years . The ratio me their present ages is

Akila says

i dont have any idea abt apps round . but now i hope , when i atten % app questons , i secured good marks. its very useful for me. thaks .

i need shortcuts in other topics…plz is there any chance of sending this topics to my mail…

siva sankar says

Hi sir. Can u send the content short cut methods for all types of aptitude questions.

Solving techniques

siva sankar says

Hi sir. Can u send the content short cut methods for all types of aptitude question.

Solving techniques

arvi says

hi…………nice tricks…….kindly help me 2 explore another type of question?

rahul says

pls send the logical tips for solving the problems

Sweta says

Hi ,

where are other lessons ? I could not find other than LESSON 1 -SHORT CUT METHODS/TRICKS IN PERCENTAGES

Suresh says

Hey whats that stupid answer for 9th qustion… Elobarate it clearly

Harish says

Can you send me any shortcut formula for Time & Distance

sachin dange says

helpful for our compus test…thanks.

malik says

thanks

what about other shurt cuts

is it end with percentage ?

please give other questions shurt cuts

kiriti says

good work

vaibhav jain says

its really to read the concept

thank u…..

utkarsh gupta says

the solution given for question.9 is wrong…

the ans. should b 25 not 20…

cz if one thin is increased by 33.33 % (1/3 in fraction) den the other one should decrease by 25% (1/(3+1) = 1/4 in fractions) .. n vice versa..

PRAVEEN KUMAR says

thank you,really useful for students

madhuri says

my question is –

Due to a 25% increase in the price of rice per kg, a person is able to purchase 20kg less for rupees 400. What is the increased price of rice

per kg?

amit kumar says

give me some other shortcut on another topic…………

sabna says

nice

anji says

sir time & work shortcut methods formula please give me

VKS says

I know all these, please post something new Sir

viswa schoolof banking says

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Vennila says

Plz explain those probes are clearly

magesh says

hey i want shotcut tricks for profit and loss… anyone can help me… pls…

neha says

really nice and easyyy ……………….thax alooottt

sawyer says

this is very helpful.. im trying to find the right place to do my master,

snehal says

give me the tricks for po clerk exams question i want to give the exams of banks.

killer says

sir ans of q1 is wrong because on right hand side its %a not only a

shanmugaraja says

answer for question 9 is 25%

Debasis pradhan says

Sir,

how to solve 3333*333*33*3 using short tricks.pls inform me

monisha says

can u send me the tricks for other topics…its really a worthy one.

Vignesh says

Really useful tips..!!!

Thank u sir..!!

dhanaraju says

pls send qantitude aptitudu tricks

jyoti says

thanks for your tips but for next lesson

brijit says

hi , please tell shortcut method to solve question of type2345+567-879{20%456}-568.

i am preparing for rbi grade b exam n dont know how to solve such question quickly.

T Deepika says

sir am weak in aptitude prob.s please could u help me how to solve those prob.s in easy way, is der any chance to send the tricks to my mail id: deepika.bhanu11@gmail.com

Maniraj says

Where the answer key is available? i have to check my answers for the problems are right. And also i am confused with 5 th question can anyone explain.

Rupa says

still confusion

jyoti says

it is really helpful

sahil verma says

thanks for methods

sarath says

9,10 qustion dought

akash says

Great post about aptitude shortcuts tips. It’s very useful. Thanks for sharing.

silverbullet says

Aptitude shortcuts is very useful for the preparation. Thanks for sharing

Preethi says

really it was helpfull……. plz help us to learn other topics wit shortcuts

Sreenivas Prathap says

Sir can you plz send the maths trics(all topics like speed,time,calender,ages etc.) to my mail id.

plz plz send me

Madhu says

I did not understand the solution of 9 question

jyosna says

vry use ful

suryawansh kumar says

solution of ques no.1 is wrong it should be like this, 1/5 X 2/5 X a = ¼ X (a/100) X b => b =32

jeevanathan says

So informative and great to learn,,

Thank you so much!!!