# Logical Reasoning Questions With Answers

Logical Reasoning Questions With Answers & Explanations

Input & Output Operations
Directions (1-5): Study the following information to answer the given questions:
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words rearranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: age road own wire tire ink pen uni dice eat
Step I : Uni age road own wire tire ink pen eat dice
Step II : Uni Own age road wire tire ink eat pen dice
Step III : Uni own ink age wire tire eat road pen dice
Step IV: Uni own ink eat age wire tire road pen dice
And stepfour is the last step of the rearrangement
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate steps for the given input.
Input for the questions
Input: gem stat ace cast omit fan rate uncut era input

1. Which of the following would be the final arrangement?
a) Cast gem fan rate stat uncut omit input era ace
b) Uncut omit input era ace cast fan gem rate stat
c) Uncut omit input era ace stat rate gem fan cast
d) Uncut omit input era ace stat fan gem rate cast e) None

2. In Step III, which of the following word would be at 6th position from the left?
a)rate b)ace c)stat d)gem e) None
3. Which step number would be the following output?
Uncut omit gem stat ace rate era input fan cast
a) II b) III c) V d) IV e) None

4. In step IV of the rearrangement, if omit is related to era and rate is related to fan in a certain way, to which of the following would ace be related to, following the same pattern?
a)rate b)input c)stat d)gem e) None
5. Which of the following would be step VII?
a) Uncut omit input era ace stat rate gem fan cast.
b) Uncut omit input era ace rate stat fan gem cast.
c) Uncut omit input era ace cast fan gem rate stat.
d) Uncut omit input era stat ace rate gem fan cast.
e) There will be no such step as the input gets rearranged before

step VII
Answers with Explanations: After careful analysis of the given input and various steps of rearrangement, it is evident that two words are rearranged in each step. The words starting with vowels are rearranged from the left in the reverse alphabetical order and words starting with consonants are arranged from the right in alphabetical order.
Input : gem stat ace cast omit fan rate uncut era input
Step I : uncut gem stat ace omit fan rate era input cast
Step II : uncut omit gem stat ace rate era input fan cast
Step III : uncut omit input stat ace rate era gem fan cast
Step IV : uncut omit input era stat ace rate gem fan cast
Step V : uncut omit input era ace stat rate gem fan stat
1. (c) Option (c) is the final arrangement
2. (a) The word ‘rate’ is at sixth place from the left in the Step III.
3. (a) It is Step II
4. (d) There is one word between ‘omit’ and ‘era’. Therefore ‘ace’ would be related to ‘gem’.
5. (e) Step IV is the last Step.
Directions (6-10): Study the follow-ing information carefully and answer the questions which follow:
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule. Follow-ing is an illustration of input and the rearrangement. (United Bank of India PO-2010)
Input : flight 37 delay an 53 87 hour 19 by 46
Step I : 87 flight 37 delay 53 hour 19 by 46 an
Step II : 87 53 flight 37 delay hour 19 46 by an
Step III : 87 53 46 flight 37 hour 19 delay by an
Step IV : 87 53 46 37 hour 19 flight delay by an
Step V : 87 53 46 37 19 hour flight delay by an
Step V is the last step of the arrangement of the above input as the intended rearrangement is obtained.
As per the rules followed in the above steps, answer the following questions based upon the input:
24cross 82 road 93 safe 13 jam halt 46
6. Which of the following would be the second step after the rearrangement?
a) 93 82 46 24 13 safe road jam halt cross
b) 93 82 46 24 road safe 13 jam halt cross
c) 93 82 24 road safe 13 jam 46 halt cross
d) 93 24 82 road safe 13 jam halt 46 cross e) None of these
7. Which of the following would be the final arrangement?
a) 93 82 46 24 13 safe road jam halt cross
b) 93 82 46 13 24 safe road jam halt cross
c) 13 24 46 82 93 safe road jam halt cross
d) 93 82 46 24 13 cross halt jam road safe
e) safe road jam halt cross 93 82 46 24 13
8. Which of the following will be step VI of the above input?
a) 93 24 82 road safe 13 jam halt 46 cross
b) 93 82 24 road safe 13 jam 46 halt cross
c) 93 82 46 24 road safe 13 jam halt cross
d) 93 82 46 24 13 safe road jam halt cross
e) There will be no such step as it gets arranged before StepVI
9. In step III, which of the following would be the third word/number from the left?
a) safe b) 46 c)13 d) road e) None
10. Which step would be the following Output?
93 24 82 road safe 13 jam halt 46 cross
a) I b) II c) III d) IV e) V